How To Start a Candle Making Business
A candle is an ignitable wick embedded in wax, or another flammable solid substance such as tallow, that provides light, and in some cases, a fragrance. A candle can also provide heat or a method of keeping time.
A person who makes candles is traditionally known as a chandler.Various devices have been invented to hold candles, from simple tabletop candlesticks, also known as candle holders, to elaborate candelabra and chandeliers.
Candle making is one of the most popular businesses for beginners as it is very easy to start. Broadly this is because of the following reasons.Firstly, the investment required to start this business is much less.Secondly, the process of manufacturing the item is simple. You do not require much machinery to manufacture candles. You need only wax and wick to start this business which is readily available in the market.Thirdly, The demand for candles is there throughout the year.
Presently, the demand for aromatic and decorative candles is on the rise. These candles are being used by many households, restaurants, event parties in brightening up their interior.
Steps to Start a Candle Business:
1. Do market Research
It is advised to go for market research and collect information related to the demand and competition in the local market. This information will help you to create a business plan document that will explore the gaps and execute accordingly.
2. Create a Candle Making Business Project Plan
The first part of starting a candle making business is to create a business project document. Based on the information collected, create a business plan. If you are looking for funding, consider taking help from professional plan writers.
3. Investment Required to Start Candle Making Business
The investment will largely depend on the scale of operation. For example, if you want to start at home or a limited budget fro your finance, an investment in the range of Rs. 25,000 to 2.5 Lacs will be enough.
However, for a larger commercial operation, the investment required will be in the tune of Rs. 10 Lacs. The cost includes automatic candle making machinery that will deliver 500 kg/day candle output.
4. License & Registrations Required for Candle Making Business
If you are planning to run a candle making business, a trade license from the local authority will be enough to start with.
However, if are planning to start a commercial candle manufacturing, you need to consider the following.
Apply for your business Pan Card. Obtain Trade License from your local authority.
In addition, open a current Bank Account. You can also apply for a loan for machinery and working capital. You can register your business as SSI Unit also. You must apply for GST registration to start a candle making business in India.
You can also protect your brand name by registering Trade Mark.
5. Raw Materials For Candle Making
The major two raw materials required in making candles are paraffin wax and wick.
You also need to have yarn, different colors, molds, decorative items, and fragrances. Pay special attention to packaging for the gift or decorative candles.
Other than raw materials you will need to have some equipment for candle making. These are melting pot, thermometer, pour pot, weighing scale, hammer and an oven to melt the wax.
6. Candle Making Machine Price & Types
Several different varieties of candle making machines are available in the market. Selecting the right machinery is an important issue in initiating the business properly. Wrong selection of machines can lead the project to a less profit or loss-making.
Broadly candle making machines can be segregated in 3 different types. Those are Manual, Semi-Automatic, and Fully-Automatic candle making machines. All machines are different from their production capacity, production quality, and costs.
- Manual Candle Making Machines
Various handy, operator friendly, candle making machines, and molds are available. According to your production output criteria, you will need to choose the right one. These machines work efficiently by solidifying the melted wax in available cavities with Wick per-insert in the center of the cavity.
From these machines, you need to collect the finished candles one by one by hand. Different production outputs such as 300, 550, 950, 1200 and 1800 pieces per hour available in manual machines.
These machines can make simple common daily lighting candles, extruded cylindrical candles.
The price of a good quality manual candle making machine price starts from Rs. 20000 in India.
- Semi-Automatic Candle Making Machines
Various semi-automatic candle making machines that are easy to operate, adjustable settings and speedy cooling systems with water circulation are available in the market.
These machines are more user-friendly. In addition, these are technically advanced than a manual machine. Here you can find more accurate dimensions from these machines.
These machines provide a water circulation system for quick cooling.
The price of a semi-automatic candle making machine price will come around Rs. 40000 if you purchase from India.
- Fully-Automatic Candle Making Machines
Fully-automatic candle making machines normally designed using the finest quality mild steel, brass pipes, and CRC pipes to get longer and hassle-free operational life.
Plain, square, round, spiral, colorful, scented birthday-types, tea light candles can be made from these machines with very high production output. You will get 240 pieces of production output per minute. These are also length adjustable and have a water circulation system.
Apart from these three types of machines, you will find a different designer mold for creative decor candles. You can produce various types of decorative candles such as designer birthday candles, T candles, soy candles, numeric candles with these molds.
The price of an automatic candle making machine of good quality starts from Rs 60000 in India.
7. Evaluate the Cost & Investment to Start a Candle Manufacturing Business
The cost of starting a candle making business on a small scale will largely depend on the amount of production output. The cost of the machine will increase as per the scale of operation and the type of machine you buy.
You can start a home-based candle making business with a nominal investment buying a manual candle manufacturing machine.
However, an investment of 5 Lac to 10 Lac will be required to start a small scale candle manufacturing unit in India.
8. Candle Making Manufacturing Process
The manufacturing process is very simple. However, the operating procedure of various candle making machines may differ very little. Normally you have to put the thread in the indicated places.
Then you need to pour the melted paraffin wax on it. If you are using average quality wax, then add stearic acid. However, for better quality, you might not need to add.
Within a few minutes, the wax will be coagulated. The final step is packaging. For scented, colorful, decorative candles you will need to mix the color and fragrance accordingly.If you are starting small with less capital investment, it is always advised to start with less manpower. You need to shoulder as much responsibility you can take. As you grow your candle making business and profits start rolling in, think of adding quality manpower.